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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015


Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.


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Part II. The Human Rights Infrastructure in Italy


Part II tHe Human rIgHts Infrastructure In Italy 61 National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights International human rights law requires States to set up structures that are adequately specialised in promoting and protecting fundamental rights. In this regard, a distinction shall be made between, on one hand, strictly governmental bodies, and on the other, independent structures di- rectly emanating from civil society. The latter in particular, through chan- nels different from those classically used by governmental powers, aim to participate in policy-making and to promote and develop a human rights culture, as well as to prevent violations. In this Part the composition, mandate and activities of the following institu- tions will be illustrated: – Parliamentary bodies: the Special Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the Italian Senate; the Permanent Committee on Human Rights instituted within the Foreign Affairs Commission (III) of the Italian Chamber of Deputies; the Parliamentary Commission for Children and Adolescents; the Parliament-Government Observatory Monitoring the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Rights (data are lacking on the actual functioning of this Observatory in 2014). – Governmental bodies: Bodies established within the Prime Minister’s Office: Committee of Ministers for Orientation and Strategic Guidance for the Protection of Human Rights (data are lacking on the actual func- tioning of this Observatory in 2014); Department for Equal Opportunities; Commission for International Adoptions; National Committee on Bioethics. Bodies established within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Inter-Ministerial Committee for Human Rights; National Commission for UNESCO. Bodies established within the Ministry...

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