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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015


Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.


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Part III. Italy in Dialogue with International Human Rights Institutions


Part III Italy In DIalogue wItH InternatIonal Human rIgHts InstItutIons 141 The United Nations System I. General Assembly The General Assembly, which is the main deliberative body of the United Nations, comprises six Committees, each of which is made up of all 193 United Nations Member States. Human rights issues are han- dled mainly within the Third Committee (the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee). The responsibilities of this Committee include is- sues such as torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment; the advancement of women; the rights of refugees and displaced persons; the promotion and protection of the rights of children; the rights of indigenous peoples; the elimination of racism, racial dis- crimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; the right of peoples to self-determination; and social development. In December 2014 the 69th General Assembly adopted 61 human rights reso- lutions which had been debated and approved by the Third Committee during October and November. In particular, with the resolution on the human rights situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (A/RES/68/181), adopted with 116 votes in favour, 20 against and 53 abstentions, the Assembly decided for the first time to bring the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in that country to the attention of the Security Council. The Assembly also asked the Council to assess the possibility of referring the situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the International Criminal Court, and to adopt effective targeted sanctions against the main...

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