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Operation Welcome

How Strasbourg Remained a Seat of European Institutions, 1949–1979

Series:

Claudia Leskien

An accepted narrative within European integration history is that the issue in which city to locate European Community headquarters was decided on the intergovernmental level between the member states. In the present volume, this view is expanded with the example of Strasbourg by arguing that activity at the local level is an important factor as well.
A set of highly active political and associational local agents used different strategies to consolidate the city’s position against competing cities and the European Communities. This study finds that a highly specialised group of municipal politicians and civil servants were an important factor for bringing the European institutions to the city.

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Table of Contents

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List of Illustrations and Tables ................................................................... 11 Abbreviations ................................................................................................. 13 Preface ............................................................................................................. 15 Introduction ................................................................................................... 19 Section 1.01 Siting European institutions .............................................. 23 Section 1.02 Siting institutions – not only a political issue .................. 27 Section 1.03 Currency of the seat question ............................................ 31 Section 1.04 Conceptualisations .............................................................. 33 Section 1.05 Structure of this book ......................................................... 37 Chapter 1. Strasbourg, seat of European institutions ........................ 41 (a) Alsatian history .................................................................................... 41 (b) National political support for Strasbourg ........................................ 45 (c) Local politics and European institutions .......................................... 48 (d) Urban development after 1945 .......................................................... 52 (e) Economic impact of the European institutions ............................... 54 Section 1.06 Attracting European institutions (1949-1952) ................. 58 (a) Siting the Council of Europe .............................................................. 59 (b) Siting the institutions of the Schuman Plan .................................... 63 Chapter 2. Hosting Europe ...................................................................... 79 Section 1.07 Constructing Strasbourg’s European mission .................. 80 Section 1.08 Central Actors ....................................................................... 87 (a) City/departmental administration .................................................... 88 (b) Private organisations ......................................................................... 105 (c) Other actors ........................................................................................ 128 8Section 1.09 The start-up phase: 1949-1956 .......................................... 131 (a) Activities and accommodation ........................................................ 133 (b) Promotion of Strasbourg as seat ..................................................... 137 (c) Informing the public about European institutions ....................... 139 Section 1.10 The implementation phase: 1956-1959 ............................ 140 (a) Using session frame programmes to increase renown as a host ............................................................... 143 (b) Competition with other seat cities .................................................. 147 Section 1.11 The business-as-usual phase: 1960-1979 ......................... 160 (a) Session frame programmes .............................................................. 163 (b) Developments threatening Strasbourg’s position 1960–1979 ..... 168 Section 1.12 Concluding Remarks ......................................................... 172 Chapter 3. L’Europe vient à Strasbourg ................................................ 175 Section 1.13 Central Actors ..................................................................... 178 (a) City/departmental administration .................................................. 178 (b) Other actors ....................................................................................... 182 (c) Cooperation between actors ............................................................ 184 Section 1.14 Long-distance transport .................................................... 186 (a) Air links .............................................................................................. 187...

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