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Europe: Project and Process

Citizens, Democracy, Participation


Susana del Río Villar

With this book the author wants to convey the relevance of two vectors that are part of the European integration and the EU’s personality: the value to be both project and process. The key themes of the book are European supranational democracy; the participation of the civil society in the EU; the interaction between European citizens and the European institutions; education as a key element of active citizenship; solidarity, participation, and communication «in European»; and the necessary formulation of what Dr. Susana del Rio calls: a new European politics, where a shared responsibility is fundamental to the achievement of a quality European democracy. The author emphasizes that, to restore public credibility in politics, representative democracy has to lead the way, as representative democracy is complemented by participatory democracy.
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Europe Now


Europe is always now but in this section which serves as the epilogue of this book, I would like to show what the main projects and initiatives are that are currently underway in the European Union. We could say that these new programmes have the EU “brand” or better yet, have European personality.

Precisely because of having been developed and approved during a difficult and complicated economic crisis, I believe that they have been prepared with even more care than other projects. An important point to highlight is that the new programmes, in addition to, of course, bringing with them new things, are designed to be presented in an uncomplicated way as the processes and procedures have been simplified.

The Programa Europa con los Ciudadanos 2014-2020257 was approved on 30th October 2013. Its objectives centred on reaching citizens, making them feel like European citizens who know what this means and know both the rights and responsibilities inherent in being a European citizen. During the seven years that this programme has been underway, I am sure that the European Union will see its integration strengthened at all levels: social, institutional, political, economic, solidary, educational, and so on and will take a big step which will lead to its improvement.

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