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The Strength of Culture for Development

Why Culture Matters in International Cooperation

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Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

On the global scale, the challenges surrounding development are massive and complex, as inequalities in living conditions between the richest and poorest countries become greater. Development is a global challenge on a par with the financial crisis and environmental concerns. The participation of local communities and towns in development programmes may result from a desire for influence at an international level, rather than the idea that they can bring some measure of stability, like the large NGOs.
In this context, culture remains an omnipresent factor. Indeed, culture takes on a multifaceted front for it is not solely limited to the organisation of cultural activities or the protection of heritage, but also about the values, significance, and everyday actions of human communities. It contributes to the well-being of local populations. Using culture as a transversal tool to solve the development issues means tackling those issues from a different angle: bringing solutions to some multicultural questions that exist in rich countries.
This book brings together a selection of articles by researchers and experts in this area from a wide variety of backgrounds, disciplines and countries.
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“World Music”: the Strategic Challenge for Local and Territorial Development Closely Bound With the Life of a People

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Kamilia BERKANI

PhD student in music specialized in sociology of music France/Maghreb

World Music, this potpourri which some choose to program and broadcast various musical styles come from the whole world. Without explaining the meanings, the reasons of the creation and especially without measuring the broadcasting for a better reception by the various public … Within the various places … On the various territories to establish a better communication between the people… World Music could be just a potpourri.

The term World Music is very often subject to controversy because of the vagueness imposed by the term “world”. It is also due to the evolution of the term, World Music, often relative to its relationship with globalization. Therefore, any reference to such an imprecise term must beg the question: Would any music produced by a person living anywhere on Earth be considered as World Music?

By World Music, it is rather necessary to understand the idea of World Music’s contribution to the “identical development” of a country. The notion of roots, which we will define as previous and crossed stories, is central to this concept, because it is the basis of World Music. Moreover, the use of the plural in the French translation of World Music: Musiques du monde, proves that we are talking about several kinds of music and not to any particular one. Everybody knows the Spanish “Flamenco”, the Portuguese “Fado”, “celtic music” in “Ireland; France and Spain”, “Corsican polyphonies...

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