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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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India: New Towns Planning, Challenges for Urban Areas




New Towns Planning, Challenges for Urban Areas


Architect and Urban Designer

First and foremost one needs to understand the urbanisation scenario of India. India is the second largest country by population and the seventh largest by area. The current population of the country is 1.21 billion. Out of which, 68.84 per cent is rural population and 31.16 per cent is urban population. The level of the urban population has increased from 27.81 per cent in 2001 to 31.16 per cent in 2011. This population is concentrated in the large cities and existing urban agglomerations. The 2011 census also notes the increase in the number of towns in India from 5,161 in 2001 to 7,935 in 2011.1 And most of the increase of these towns was seen in the census towns. Although in comparison to other developing countries such as China, Indonesia, Brazil and Mexico, the percentage of India’s urbanisation is quite low. But if all the attributes of Urban India are seen in totality the challenges faced can be clearly seen.

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