New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
India: New Towns Planning, Challenges for Urban Areas
New Towns Planning, Challenges for Urban Areas
Architect and Urban Designer
First and foremost one needs to understand the urbanisation scenario of India. India is the second largest country by population and the seventh largest by area. The current population of the country is 1.21 billion. Out of which, 68.84 per cent is rural population and 31.16 per cent is urban population. The level of the urban population has increased from 27.81 per cent in 2001 to 31.16 per cent in 2011. This population is concentrated in the large cities and existing urban agglomerations. The 2011 census also notes the increase in the number of towns in India from 5,161 in 2001 to 7,935 in 2011.1 And most of the increase of these towns was seen in the census towns. Although in comparison to other developing countries such as China, Indonesia, Brazil and Mexico, the percentage of India’s urbanisation is quite low. But if all the attributes of Urban India are seen in totality the challenges faced can be clearly seen.
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