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European and Asian Sustainable Towns

New Towns and Satellite Cities in their Metropolises

Edited By Pascaline Gaborit

In the face of growing needs and problems around urbanization, the sustainable development of cities does not lie only in technology, research and innovation. Sustainable local development also results from a combination of different elements related to the development of social cohesion, the local economy, the environment and culture; also, crucially, it depends on the autonomy of local authorities and the adoption of the most appropriate system of governance. In addition, the urgent need to create better and more liveable cities is now inextricably linked with the integration of environmental principles, in order to prevent the waste of resources and mitigate climate change by restricting CO2 emissions. Within this framework, new strategies have been implemented for the development of ‘New Towns’ or satellite cities.
This publication gathers together contributions from different experts involved in the EAST (Euro Asia Sustainable Towns) project. The contributors originate from India, China, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States and France, and come from a variety of different backgrounds, including academic researchers, urban planners, architects, political scientists and practitioners.
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Managing Water in the Land of the Asian Monsoons: a Planning Alternative for Naya Raipur, India

Introduction

Extract

Managing Water in the Land of the Asian Monsoons

A Planning Alternative for Naya Raipur, India

Alpa NAWRE

Assistant Professor in the Department of Landscape Architecture/Regional and Community Planning at Kansas State University

Through centuries, monsoons have annually visited the Indian sub-continent, affecting both the urban and rural contexts with their vagaries and inconsistencies. Monsoons are strong winds caused by an asymmetric heating of land and sea, characterized by a seasonal change in direction, and accompanied by heavy precipitation.1 They are the main source for India’s water resources and the country receives 75% of its entire rainfall through the monsoons in the months of June, July, August and September.2 While the drama of the monsoons produces some of the most picturesque landscape changes in the Indian sub-continent, the incessant rainfall also causes great havoc. Monsoonal flooding can cause the loss of life and property as well as induce political, economic and social calamities.3 In India, monsoonal flooding claims, at an average, 1,588 lives, affects approximately 7.5 million hectares of land, and damages crops, houses ← 203 | 204 → and utilities up to an amount of 18 billion INR ($400,000,000) annually.4 Through design research on the new capital city of Naya Raipur, this paper proposes an alternative water resilient urban plan for monsoonal water management in Indian cities to prevent urban flooding.

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