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Cross-Border Cooperation Structures in Europe

Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future

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Edited By Luis Dominguez Castro and Iva Miranda Pires

Since its inception, one of the distinguishing features of the project of European integration has been the overcoming of internal borders. This aim has had one of the most remarkable outcomes in the history of cross-border cooperation, resulting in the creation of territorial structures known as Euroregions, with or without legal personality, and with substantial financial support from EU institutions. This distinctive element is characteristic of the models and achievements of cross-border cooperation in Europe and North America.
At a time of reflection about the European integration model and its future, it is interesting to investigate the different aspects involved in cross-border cooperation, from a historical perspective projected onto the future. This volume looks at cross-border cooperation from a multiplicity of perspectives, examining its motivations, its actors, its inclusion in the context of international relations, its organizational models, its outcomes and its impact on labour markets, economic development, neighbourhood policies and the creation of new identities. These issues are analysed within a number of different European geographical locations, assessing how far we have come and exploring the road that still lies ahead.
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An Analysis of Slovenian Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes with Austria and Italy

1.  Introduction

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Alessandro TORELLO

University of Siena

The purpose of this chapter is to present a concise analysis of Slovenian cross-border cooperation initiatives with Austria and Italy, according to Cross-Border Cooperation Operational Programmes. The chapter is divided into three parts.

Part one focuses on the cooperation between Slovenia and Austria, since the implementation of Interreg III A Programme (2000-2006), as this programme was the basis for the subsequent launch of the 2007-2013 and the forthcoming 2014-2020 programmes.

Part two analyses the current cross-border cooperation programme (2007-2013) which has been implemented in order to reduce economic and social disparities between Slovenia and Italy.

Finally, part three pays attention to the enhancement of transport networks in Slovenia, in relation to sustainable development standards and the freedom of movement of citizens, workers and goods.

The Interreg III A Programme for cooperation between Austria and Slovenia was launched in 2000, four years before the accession of Slovenia to the European Union.

The Programme had the purpose of guaranteeing the social, economic and rural development of Austro-Slovenian border regions1. ← 155 | 156 →

The total budget issued for the programme was over 63 million euro, of which 33.5 million euro was provided by EU Structural Funds. The 2000-2006 Interreg III A plan was based on five priorities, which were considered imperative for the subsequent 2007-2013 programme:

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