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Estonians for Europe

National Activism for European Integration, 1922–1991


Pauli Heikkilä

Estonians for Europe provides a unique insight into nearly eighty years of the history surrounding European unification. Concentrating on Estonian aspirations for an integrative organization in international relations, the book illustrates a number of parallels and differences between commonly held narratives of twentieth-century European history.
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Chapter 3. Inside the European Movement

← 132 | 133 →CHAPTER 3


The Central and Eastern European Commission

It had taken roughly two years from the time of initial contact for the Estonians to achieve membership in the EM. It was not getting any easier to work as a member organization within the EM. The Estonians remained as committed as ever to the European idea. According to the statute, the object of the ENCEM was “to endeavour to establish an intimate political and economic union between the free peoples of Europe and the peoples of Europe who are struggling for their freedom”. As an organization, it was subjugated to the ENC, or in alternative formulation, the ENC “collaborates closely with the Estonian National Committee of the European Movement, where all political parties are equally represented.”1

The ENCEM arranged the first meeting on April 5, 1950 for which Rei was elected chairman and Warma as a foreign representative. In the beginning, the organization summoned 113 members.2 During the process of application, the Estonians provided the EM with a list of all members; this list included 131 names in total.3 By December 1952, ENCEM membership had reached 185.4 The ENCEM held an annual meeting, where it approved leadership and a lecture was given. As an example, in December 1951, Warma talked about the EM and Central Europe to an audience of 38 people. In May 1953 the current situation of the EM was discussed after speeches by August Rei and Arvo Horm.5

The Estonian commitment to the...

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