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La Retraduction en littérature de jeunesse / Retranslating Children’s Literature

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Edited By Virginie Douglas and Florence Cabaret

Cet ouvrage se situe à la croisée des études en littérature de jeunesse et en traductologie, emprunte à la stylistique et à la sociologie et interroge un phénomène qui prend toute son ampleur au cours du XX e siècle et en ce début de XXI e siècle, celui de la retraduction des livres destinés à un jeune public. À partir d’un corpus qui va des contes de Perrault jusqu’à Shrek !, en passant par Alice au Pays des merveilles, Poil de Carotte ou encore les Moumines de Tove Jansson, les auteurs de ce recueil montrent combien la retraduction participe à la canonisation d’un bon nombre d’œuvres nationales, au-delà du monde anglophone, du Brésil jusqu’à la Suède. La retraduction pose ainsi la question des changements de représentations de l’enfant-lecteur et du rapport adulte/enfant, de l’évolution des exigences de traduction de l’oralité et de la musicalité de textes souvent lus à voix haute, de l’influence des contextes culturels, économiques et politiques des pays où l’on y a recours, des modifications des liens entre texte et illustrations.
This volume stands at the intersection of children’s literature studies and translation studies. Borrowing from stylistics and sociology, it engages with a phenomenon which has reached its full scope over the 20 th century and into the 21 st century, that of the retranslation of books intended for children. Basing their essays on a body of texts including Perrault’s tales, Alice in Wonderland, Jules Renard’s Poil de Carotte, Tove Jansson’s Moomins or Shrek!, the authors of this collection show that retranslation has contributed to the canonization of a number of national works beyond the English-speaking world (from Brazilian to Swedish literature). Retranslation thus addresses the changes in representation of the child-reader and adult/child relationship, the evolution of translational norms as regards orality and musicality in the case of texts that are often read aloud, the impact of cultural, economic and political contexts in countries where translations are in demand, and the way retranslation can even affect the relationship between the text and its illustrations.
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New paths in the wood: Retranslating Tove Jansson’s Hur gick det sen?

I. A Wood of Words and Colours

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Chiara GALLETTI

University of Tampere, Finland

“There are two ways of walking through a wood. The first is to try one or several routes (so as to get out of the wood as fast as possible […]); the second is to walk so as to discover what the wood is like and find out why some paths are accessible and others are not.”2 In the Norton Lectures, originally delivered at Harvard University in the early 1990s, Umberto Eco explored the intricacies of fiction and compared the experience of reading to a walk through a fabulous wood. Then he made a fundamental distinction between those readers who simply want to know how the story ends, and those who indulge in the narrative experience and explore its enchanting power, its kaleidoscopic possibilities.

Translators belong to the second group. They have an analytical approach to the phonological, syntactic and semantic dimensions of the text, and in the transposition of their distinctive features into another language, for another culture. Their reading is an in-depth exploration, which leads to the creation of new narrative woods.

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