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Les mutations de la sidérurgie mondiale du XXe siècle à nos jours / The Transformation of the World Steel Industry from the XXth Century to the Present

Series:

Charles Barthel, Ivan Kharaba and Philippe Mioche

La sidérurgie a joué un rôle moteur dans l’éclosion du monde industrialisé moderne. Quoique son importance relative par rapport à l’ensemble des économies globalisées soit aujourd’hui en recul, il n’en demeure pas moins que, grâce à un processus d’adaptation permanente aux nouvelles données d’un environnement qui change de plus en plus rapidement, elle occupe toujours une place de choix. Aussi ses innombrables implications technologiques, commerciales, politiques, diplomatiques, culturelles et sociales font-elles apparaître l’utilité de faire le point sur deux siècles de mutations dans une démarche comparative à vocation essentiellement historique, mais également ouverte à d’autres disciplines.
Changes in the world steel industry have been faster in the late twentieth century than in all previous periods. The Transformation of the World Steel Industry from the Twentieth Century to the Present aims to scientifically describe and study the transformations which occurred in all areas of that industry. Its positioning in the contemporary period allows a multidisciplinary and comparative reflection about the origins and forms of these technological, commercial, political, diplomatic, cultural and social changes.
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Pierre Chancerel, The Metallurgical Coke Market in France from 1914 to 1921, a Price Regulation by the State

This article focuses on the French State policy of supplying the steel industry with coke between 1914 and 1921. The National Board of Coal stopped the rise caused by the war by fixing maxima prices. It reduced the important variations which distorted competition French steel producers by introducing a price adjustment between the cokes from different origins (France, Great-Britain, Germany). Governmental intervention was reinforced after the war due to the tremendous increase of the prices of coke. It enabled all the companies in the country to beneficiate from the same prices. This policy thus encouraged a national solidarity between the forges and helped unify the French in coke market at the expense of the steel producers from the coal departments who were asking for fixed prices at the regional scale. Eventually, from the end of 1920, the objectives of price regulation were to share the benefits of low-priced German coal with the whole sector in order to stimulate French steel exports.

Ludovic Báthory, Nicolae Păun, The Relation Between the States Owned Steel Works and the Private Metallurgical Companies in Romania during the Interwar Period

The most prominent Romanian metallurgical companies were created in Transylvania, while it was part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. After the Unification of 1918, one of these enterprises, the “Hunedoara Ironworks” (Uzinele de Fier ale Statului de la Hunedoara), was taken...

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