Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
An Undocumented Economy of Control. Workers, Smugglers and Sate Authorities in Southern Israel/Palestine (Cédric Parizot)
← 92 | 93 → An Undocumented Economy of Control1
Workers, Smugglers and State Authorities in Southern Israel/Palestine
This chapter focuses on informal crossings of undocumented Palestinian workers from the southern West Bank to Israel. Relying on ethnographic data, it studies the modes of organization and the ramifications of this border crossing economy throughout the post-Intifada period (2007-2010). It highlights the extent to which Israeli state authorities have de facto managed to involve informal actors in controls of Palestinian mobility.
While Palestinian employment in Israel has been extensively documented, little attention has been paid to the tactics involved in illegal passages into Israel. In the 1980s and 1990s, research has mostly focused on the changing role of the Palestinian population within the Israeli economy. Scholars have described how Palestinian workers, seen as a highly desirable, cheap, flexible and mobile labour force from the 1970s until the end of the 1980s (Portugali, 1989), were increasingly perceived as a security threat after the outbreak of the first Intifada (1987-1993). They have documented the way that movement restrictions (Hass, 2001) have reduced the number of work permits and marginalized Palestinian workers presence in the Israeli economy (Farsakh, 2005; Arnon et al., 1997), a process that accelerated during the years 2000 to 2010 (Mansour, 2010; Etkes, 2011; Ekstein, 2011). Following the second Intifada (2000-2004) and the Gaza War (2006), the entry of Palestinians has been further limited by Israeli governments. In 2011, Palestinian workers represented only...
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