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Borders, Mobilities and Migrations

Perspectives from the Mediterranean, 19–21st Century

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Edited By Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin and Sylvie Mazzella

This book explores changes in the social, economic and political processes underpinning the mechanisms for the management of human mobility and cohabitation in the Mediterranean region, while suggesting comparisons with the situation in the Americas.
It considers the public policies that introduce such mechanisms at state, region or city level, and also explores the way that populations adapt to, breach or find ways of working around these systems.
The volume also attempts to evaluate the extent to which the reactions of the populations concerned can influence such systems. Relying on a historical perspective and covering a broad period of time from the nineteenth to the twenty-first century, this book questions the increasing influence of processes born out of globalization upon present readjustments of mobility and territorial configurations.
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Introduction (Lisa Anteby-Yemini, Virginie Baby-Collin)

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← 170 | 171 → Introduction

Lisa ANTEBY-YEMINI, Virginie BABY-COLLIN

Crossing international borders is only the first step taken by global migrants on their path, as they soon encounter internal boundaries in the country of migration which may be just as difficult to cross. Undocumented migrants and asylum-seekers are particularly vulnerable, as they have to deal with repressive control policies, attitudes and discourse of rejection in host societies, together with humanitarian forms of governance that are characteristic of today’s global trends towards repression and protection in Western countries. Internal borders for migrants with different status, which vary over time and according to recent changes in public policies, are linked to different access to rights or denial of rights, which in turn affect the ways migrants live, move and project their future. Thus, the third section of this book enquires into everyday experiences of vulnerable migrants beyond state borders and in urban spaces where they struggle to settle. It aims at understanding not only the ways their illegitimacy or illegality is produced as a result of policies, discourses, attitudes or humanitarian interventions in the countries of destination, but also the different ways migrants handle their everyday life when crossing or bypassing those internal boundaries. Three contributions focus on different groups and spaces: undocumented migrant workers in Spain and the US (Baby-Collin); African asylum-seekers recently arrived in Israel (Anteby-Yemini); and women and independent child migrants working in the sex industry in several countries of the European Union (Mai).

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