From the Charter of Fundamental Rights to the Crisis, the State of the Art
As Europe struggles with the most profound economic and social crises in recent history, what happens to the promises of freedom, democracy, equality and respect for the inviolable and inalienable rights of the human person proclaimed in the Preamble of the Treaty on European Union? How does the European Union intend to demonstrate its commitment to fundamental social rights at a time of widespread deregulation and an increasingly precarious labour market? How can we further enhance the democratic and efficient functioning of European institutions when there is a growing distance between citizens and political elites?
This publication is based on papers given at the international conference «Citizenship and Solidarity in the European Union – from the Charter of Fundamental Rights to the Crisis: The State of the Art», which took place in the School of Law at the University of Minho, Portugal, in May 2012. The line-up of contributors includes scholars from southern and northern Europe and Brazil, and together the papers constitute a lively and productive debate about the future of Europe.
Protection of Diversity and Legal Treatment of the Foreigner. The Italian Model (Franco Gaetano Scoca)
Franco Gaetano SCOCA
Università La Sapienza di Roma
1. The protection of cultural diversity is considered within the field of the process of reviewing the components traditionally linked to the concept of citizenship understood as belonging to the community, with related political and social rights, and a consequent enhancement of other legal institutes, e.g., residence, or the recourse to other forms of “belonging” to the political community, based on different assumptions.
To grasp the real extent of the changes taking place, therefore, it is also important to examine the domestic laws of states.
This paper therefore will focus on the Italian system.
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