The Response of the Parties in the 2014 Elections
It is not easy to determine what exactly the democratic deficit in the EU is because there is no unanimous definition among specialists because both the objects indicated in this regard and the methods used to limit this phenomenon differ. Effectively there is insufficient academic consensus when specifying what such a deficit consists of since there are various elements of the EU capable of being typecast in such a critical item for their inadequacies, the panorama offered by analysts being then very varied, both in how it affects dimensions (diagnosis) and the possible formulas for solving the problem (therapies). From the outset, not even the perception of the problem is unanimous as some (the few) even deny the existence of such a supposed deficit. In fact, this is an issue that has interested some sectors of the political elites more than the bulk of the citizenry and will not do so until there is massive social demand for more democracy in the EU in times of the rising pressure of nationalist retraction.
On the one hand, there is much theoretical literature on the democratic deficit in the EU, but rather less – until recently – of an empirical nature on this matter. On the other, this debate is largely flawed for two reasons: 1) excessive prescriptive normativism and 2) a constant comparison (not always explicit) with the national State. Rigorous analysis must assess the democratic shortcomings of the EU as an entity in itself, independent of ideal models...
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