Sociabilités, réseaux et pratiques diplomatiques en Europe depuis 1919 / Networks, Practices and Dynamics of Socialization in European Diplomacy since 1919
Au lendemain de la Première Guerre mondiale, la diplomatie est à réinventer. Un nouvel ordre international émerge au sein duquel juristes internationaux, journalistes, banquiers d’affaires et autres experts concurrencent désormais les diplomates de métier. De nouvelles arènes diplomatiques apparaissent, à l’instar de la Société des Nations, ancêtre des organisations multilatérales actuelles. À travers les dix études de cas présentées ici, le continent européen apparaît comme un terrain propice à l’invention de pratiques diplomatiques nouvelles tout au long du XXe siècle. Cet ouvrage collectif constitue les actes du colloque international de l’association RICHIE sur les « sociabililités, réseaux et pratiques diplomatiques en Europe de 1919 à nos jours » tenues à Bruxelles, les 20 et 21 mars 2015.
After the First World War, reshaping the art of diplomacy is a necessity. International lawyers, merchant bankers, academics, journalists and senior officials became key-figures of a new International order in which the diplomats have lost their monopoly over foreign affairs. New diplomatic arenas emerged such as the League of Nations, the precursor of today’s multilateral organizations. In that series of ten case studies, the European continent appears as a fertile ground where new diplomatic practices have emerged along the whole 20th century. This book brings together the edited proceedings of the RICHIE International Conference organized in Brussels on 20 and 21 March 2015, under the title «Networks, Dynamics of Socialization and Practices in European Diplomacy since 1919».
Résumés / Abstracts
The French Embassy in Berlin after the First World War: a Bastion of diplomatic Tradition in the Era of “New Diplomacy” ? – Marion Aballéa
The First World War put the traditional diplomatic system into question: if not responsible of the conflict, it had at the very least proved unable to avoid it, and the new era that opened with the end of the war, to ensure long-lasting peace, was to be the one of the “new diplomacy”. The motto indirectly condemned old embassies, especially European ones, which had been the keystones of the old system based on secret and bilateral negotiations, and seemed for that reason to be put aside, in the shadows of ministerial and multilateral diplomacy as apparently triumphed in Geneva within the new League of Nations. The French Embassy in Berlin was one of these old and prestigious embassies which had to face the new diplomatic context of the 1920s. The article intends to explore how it did so, and to analyze what seemed to be its specificity: never trying to distance itself from the past or to rebuild its action accordingly to the new international watchwords, it often appeared as the stronghold of an outdated diplomatic tradition, a diplomatic remainder of the 19th century deep into the 20th. But things are obviously more complicated, and the profiles of the French diplomats that served in Weimar Germany as well as the network strategies they experimented show a slightly different picture. What was at...
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