This book is intended to shed light on the process of Italian-Yugoslav normalization and rapprochement, which ultimately brought to the Adriatic Détente. Based on a wide collection of primary sources and documentary materials, it aims to contribute to a better understanding of the history of the Adriatic region, a conflicted European space that had been affected by territorial disputes and ethnic strife for decades during the 20
Resisting Détente. The Associative Network and the Osimo Treaty
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The Associative Network and the Osimo Treaty
After the end of the “Trieste question” the Italian government fully embraced its new European and Atlantic impulses in foreign policy and purposed a new and friendly relation with the Yugoslav neighbor.1 The signature of the London Memorandum, indeed, relegated the unsettled issue of the ex-Zone B of the former Free Territory of Trieste to the borders of Cold War politics. Despite official statements, Trieste’s de facto return to Italy coincided with the definitive partition of the Adriatic border. As a consequence, recurrent political tensions that marked the years between 1954 and the Osimo Treaty were generally neglected and understudied.2 In particular, Trieste, after having first experienced the downsides of the emerging climate of the Cold War,3 also inaugurated a new season of political relaxation which greatly anticipated Nixon’s détente.4
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