The series of multidisciplinary texts collected in this book offer the reader a variety of perspectives on the understanding of the Schengen area. Broadly speaking, this volume includes reflections on subjects that embrace the debates on the concept and practices of the free movement of persons within Europe, the security dimension of the European Union, illegal immigration and migration management, human rights and the role of various players and interests.
This is the book to read if you wish to understand the latest developments in the Schengen area on its 30
The role of Schengen in the Europeanization of the migration policy: The Italian case
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The role of Schengen in the Europeanization of the migration policy
The Italian case
Abstract: This chapter analyzes the role played by the Schengen agreements in the radical change of the Italian immigration policy which occurred between the mid-1980s and the early 1990s. On the basis of extensive research in archives, it demonstrates that an important reason that the Schengen countries resolved to act outside the European Community framework and, in this context, to originally exclude Italy was their political determination to press Italy and, ultimately, all the Southern members of the EC into adopting the Northern European approach to the problem of immigration control. On the other hand, it shows that, although it was not the sole explanatory factor, the need to comply with the Schengen membership requirements was the single most significant reason for the shift from a liberal to a restrictive legislation on migration which took place in Italy between the late 1980s and the early 1990s. A majority in both the government and the Parliament did not believe in restrictive measures but they were constrained to adopt them in order to reassure the Schengen members that Italy was able to prevent the entry of unwanted immigrants from the Mediterranean into the Schengen space.
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