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Les routes du pétrole / Oil Routes

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Edited By Alain Beltran

Les sites de production de pétrole ne correspondant pas la plupart du temps aux lieux de consommation, le pétrole fut dès l’origine un produit transporté sur de longues distances, soit par voie maritime, soit par oléoducs.
Parce que les routes du pétrole (et de plus en plus souvent du gaz) ne sont pas immuables et que leur tracé est déterminé par l’essor économique, les tensions géopolitiques et les progrès des techniques, elles sont un excellent baromètre de l’activité, de l’inventivité et des relations internationales.
Cet ouvrage, dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire (historiens, géographes, géopoliticiens, décideurs, ingénieurs…), tâche d‘en comprendre les enjeux et les conséquences sur les problématiques contemporaines.
Oil production sites do not correspond to the areas of consumption in the majority of cases, as of the outset oil was a product transported over long distances, either by maritime routes or by pipelines.


The oil routes (and natural gas routes) are not immutable, and their locations are determined by economic vigor, geopolitical tensions and technical progress. So, they have been the heart and the barometer of economic, technical and geopolitical rhythms of the planet.
This book, in a multidisciplinary perspective (historians, geographers, geopoliticians, decision-makers, engineers, …) tries to explain issues and consequences of oil routes on contemporary issues.

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The 1967 Closure of the Suez Canal and Mediterranean Oil Unity

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John Vincent BOWLUS

Georgetown University, Washington, DC, États-Unis

Historians agree that the 1967 Arab oil embargo did not undermine Western control over Middle East oil in the short-term. Western governments and oil companies prevented oil shortages in Western Europe, the primary consumer of Middle East oil, by rerouting supplies from the Western Hemisphere, as they had during the Suez Crisis from 1956 to 1957. The Arab producing countries, on the other hand, lost three months of oil rents without winning higher prices or tax rates.1 Although the 1967 embargo did not undermine Western control over Middle East oil, the June 1967 War and the closure of the Suez Canal, the artery through which two-thirds of oil destined for Western Europe passed, changed the patterns and strategies for transporting oil from the region.

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