Les sites de production de pétrole ne correspondant pas la plupart du temps aux lieux de consommation, le pétrole fut dès l’origine un produit transporté sur de longues distances, soit par voie maritime, soit par oléoducs.
Parce que les routes du pétrole (et de plus en plus souvent du gaz) ne sont pas immuables et que leur tracé est déterminé par l’essor économique, les tensions géopolitiques et les progrès des techniques, elles sont un excellent baromètre de l’activité, de l’inventivité et des relations internationales.
Cet ouvrage, dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire (historiens, géographes, géopoliticiens, décideurs, ingénieurs…), tâche d‘en comprendre les enjeux et les conséquences sur les problématiques contemporaines.
Oil production sites do not correspond to the areas of consumption in the majority of cases, as of the outset oil was a product transported over long distances, either by maritime routes or by pipelines.
The oil routes (and natural gas routes) are not immutable, and their locations are determined by economic vigor, geopolitical tensions and technical progress. So, they have been the heart and the barometer of economic, technical and geopolitical rhythms of the planet.
This book, in a multidisciplinary perspective (historians, geographers, geopoliticians, decision-makers, engineers, …) tries to explain issues and consequences of oil routes on contemporary issues.
Two New Pipelines for the Middle East
University of Milan, Italy
The political, diplomatic and financial balance of the relations between the West and the Middle East was significantly upset by the Suez crisis. Financially, there were serious consequences for the western world. The closure of the Suez Canal and cutting off pipelines carrying oil from the fields of the Middle East had vast short and long term consequences.1 In the immediate future, the difficulty in obtaining oil led several countries to find solutions to bring a drastic reduction in consumption. The crisis also forced the big oil companies that owned the concessions in the Middle East, and the British and U.S. governments to reflect deeply on the issue of oil supply from that area.2 The birth of Israel and the subsequent outbreak of the Arab-Israeli conflict had made that area, one of the richest in oil in the world, extremely unstable. The fact that the pipelines and the Suez Canal crossed the areas more actively involved in the fight for the Palestine consequently gave the Arabs an important weapon with which pressure could be placed on the West.3
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