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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015


Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.
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Sub-national Human Rights Structures


, VI) invited municipal and provincial Councils to adopt a petitionary motion showing their support for the Human Rights Council initiative.

By the end of 2014 several hundred local and regional authorities in Italy were supporting this initiative. The Municipalities include: Assisi; Aviano; Bari; Crotone; Genoa; Naples; Novara; Palermo; Pistoia; Potenza; Reggio Emilia; Rovereto; Senigallia; Sondrio; Venice and Viterbo; and the five Provinces of Chieti, Parma, Perugia, Prato and Rimini. Finally, five Regional Councils, Marche, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Apulia adopted the petitionary motion.

On 23 June 2014 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, a delegation of local administrators met with Ambassador Christian Guillermet Fernandez, President of the Human Rights Council Inter-governmental Working Group charged with drafting the Declaration, diplomatic representatives of Italy and the Holy See and United Nations officials. One ← 117 | 118 →highly significant moment for this civil society initiative, carried out in the spirit of the subsidiarity principle, was the official handover of the first 100 petitionary motions in favour of international recognition of the right to peace approved by Italian local authorities, with mayors donning the tricolour sash for the occasion. On 3 July in Rome, representatives from local authorities presented the President of the Senate and President of the Extraordinary Commission for Human Rights, Luigi Manconi, with the motions adopted and renewing their appeal to the national institutions.

In 2014 there were 15 incumbent Ombudspersons, of a total of 19 Regions and Autonomous Provinces (17 + 2) whose...

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