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European Parties and the European Integration Process, 1945–1992

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Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori

The present volume brings together three different traditions of historical study: national politics, European integration, and political parties. Since the 1980s, there has been an enlargement of the scope of political history. This attempt to transcend national boundaries can intersect with the new strands of European integration history, paying much more attention to transnational perspectives and forces. The chapters comprised in this book attempt to forge a dialogue between these new methodologies and the study of political parties in manifold ways. Firstly, in the study of party foreign and European politics – how parties have perceived themselves as belonging not only to the national political game, but also to a wider transnational, and European one. Secondly, party history can transcend national boundaries through the study of international and European party cooperation. Thirdly, it can offer worthwhile avenues of study on how political families deal with European integration not along ideological cleavages but along national ones. This volume fills a crucial gap of European historiography by comparing parties’ discourses/platforms/policies on European integration and by developing national, comparative and transnational approaches.
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Euroright. The Extreme Right in the European Integration Process, 1979-1989

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Simone PAOLI

Research Fellow, University of Padua

Introduction

This chapter aims at analysing the idea of Europe that was developed by extreme right organisations and reconstructing the main attempts they made to establish cooperation at the European level during the Cold War period, with an emphasis on the Second Cold War period from 1979 to 1989. Despite the electoral irrelevance of most of them, their earlier international contacts and thoughts on Europe are worthy of attention, not least because of the impact they made on the European cultural and political landscape in the 1990s and the 2000s.1

The main primary sources for this research are documents from the Italian Social Movement (Movimento Sociale Italiano, MSI) stored in the Historical Archives of the Ugo Spirito Foundation in Rome. The main secondary sources are volumes available in the Library of the Ugo Spirito Foundation in Rome, the Library of the European University Institute in Florence and the Central Library of the European Commission in Brussels, plus articles from Italian, French, British, Spanish, Portuguese, Belgian and Luxembourgian magazines and newspapers collected in the European Parliament Press Cuttings Fond at the Historical Archives of the European Union in Florence.

At the Origins of the Euroright: Early Attempts to Create a Fascist International

After the Second World War, neo-Fascist organisations were linked by an informal network that covered most of Europe; this was to be seen ← 313 | 314 → from the perspective...

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