Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori
“Europe” as a “Hothouse” for Dutch Domestic Politics, 1948-1967
Robin de BRUIN
Lecturer, University of Amsterdam
European integration and the Netherlands
In the 1940s and 1950s, the Nazis, the Communists and democratic parties in Europe all emphasised their ability to provide their citizens with welfare in their claim to power. Creating an affluent society had become a top political priority in reaction to the economic crisis of the 1930s. The economic crisis and the Second World War intensified a demand for social solidarity.1 After the Second World War, the political response in West European democracies to this intensified demand was an important economic driving force for the European integration process.2
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