Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori
Central European émigré Party and the European integration
Institute of National Remembrance, Lublin Branch / Associate Professor, Catholic University of Lublin
The term émigré party is not universally adopted in reference books. After Stephane Dufoix one may talk about politiques d’exil or, as Anna Jaroszyńska-Kirchmann has suggested, about exile missions. Idesbald Goddeeris, a Belgian historian who studied exiles’ strategies for lobbying international organisations using the example of the Nouvelles Équipes Internationales,1 would be much closer to the concept of an émigré party. The research of historian Yossi Shain, who described the limits of loyalty of a community of exiles in their country of settlement,2 also shows an inclination towards this concept.
We are forced to consider émigré parties because of the fact that there were groups in exile that described themselves as political parties. Referring to different legitimising mechanisms, their members tried to prove that émigré parties constituted a real, historically legitimate political system as opposed to the political system established in their countries at that time.3 Therefore, the Polish historiography contains a series of studies ← 379 | 380 → referring to émigré parties set up by the Piłsudskiites (piłsudczycy, i.e. Piłsudski’s supporters), Christian Democrats, supporters of the People’s Party, Socialists, and supporters of the National Democracy.4 Without reservation, Polish historians have carried out a legal and historical analysis of the activity of the government in exile,5 its diplomacy6 and described the parliamentary system in exile.7 These reconstructions...
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