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European Parties and the European Integration Process, 1945–1992

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Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori

The present volume brings together three different traditions of historical study: national politics, European integration, and political parties. Since the 1980s, there has been an enlargement of the scope of political history. This attempt to transcend national boundaries can intersect with the new strands of European integration history, paying much more attention to transnational perspectives and forces. The chapters comprised in this book attempt to forge a dialogue between these new methodologies and the study of political parties in manifold ways. Firstly, in the study of party foreign and European politics – how parties have perceived themselves as belonging not only to the national political game, but also to a wider transnational, and European one. Secondly, party history can transcend national boundaries through the study of international and European party cooperation. Thirdly, it can offer worthwhile avenues of study on how political families deal with European integration not along ideological cleavages but along national ones. This volume fills a crucial gap of European historiography by comparing parties’ discourses/platforms/policies on European integration and by developing national, comparative and transnational approaches.
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Central European émigré Party and the European integration

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Sławomir ŁUKASIEWICZ

Institute of National Remembrance, Lublin Branch / Associate Professor, Catholic University of Lublin

Émigré party?

The term émigré party is not universally adopted in reference books. After Stephane Dufoix one may talk about politiques d’exil or, as Anna Jaroszyńska-Kirchmann has suggested, about exile missions. Idesbald Goddeeris, a Belgian historian who studied exiles’ strategies for lobbying international organisations using the example of the Nouvelles Équipes Internationales,1 would be much closer to the concept of an émigré party. The research of historian Yossi Shain, who described the limits of loyalty of a community of exiles in their country of settlement,2 also shows an inclination towards this concept.

We are forced to consider émigré parties because of the fact that there were groups in exile that described themselves as political parties. Referring to different legitimising mechanisms, their members tried to prove that émigré parties constituted a real, historically legitimate political system as opposed to the political system established in their countries at that time.3 Therefore, the Polish historiography contains a series of studies ← 379 | 380 → referring to émigré parties set up by the Piłsudskiites (piłsudczycy, i.e. Piłsudski’s supporters), Christian Democrats, supporters of the People’s Party, Socialists, and supporters of the National Democracy.4 Without reservation, Polish historians have carried out a legal and historical analysis of the activity of the government in exile,5 its diplomacy6 and described the parliamentary system in exile.7 These reconstructions...

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