Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori
The Genesis of a Supranational Representation. The Formation of Political Groups at the Common Assembly of the ECSC, 1952-1958
The Genesis of a Supranational Representation
The Formation of Political Groups at the Common Assembly of the ECSC, 1952-1958
Associate Professor, Università Sapienza, Rome
The birth of the parliamentary groups and the affirmation of the Assembly’s political character
The increasingly close relations between the national and international dimensions in the setting of the reconstruction in the second postwar period led Europe’s political families to create or to reactivate forms of party cooperation on a transnational level. As regards the forces that belonged to the Western camp, 1947 saw the creation of the Nouvelles équipes internationales, a forum of dialogue for the Christian Democratic parties, and the Liberal International. And four years later, in 1951, the Socialist International was refounded after a complex preparatory phase.
The question of European construction was naturally one of the issues on which the three political families had to take a position. The debate developed on various levels. The Hague Congress of 1948,1 which triggered the process leading to the birth of the Council of Europe the following year, had begun a confrontation over the major political options – a confrontation that was to become quite heated when, following the Pleven plan of October 1950, the issue of a European Defence Community was featured on the agenda. In the meantime, following the birth of the ECSC, established by the Treaty of Paris signed on 18th April 1951, it became necessary to grapple...
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