Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori
In Search of Supranational Cooperation. The Socialist Group in the European Parliament and the EEC’s Southern Enlargement
In Search of Supranational Cooperation
The Socialist Group in the European Parliament and the EEC’s Southern Enlargement
Post-doctoral researcher, University of Siena
Since its inception, the European integration process has been an objectively difficult terrain for European Socialist and Social-Democratic forces to traverse. According to some interpretations, it has worked as a reactant, which has helped to highlight the wide differences in culture, outlook and strategies at play within the European Left.1 Nevertheless, from the mid-1950s, following the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the various leading voices of the European Left developed a diversified range of views on the timings and methods for European integration which, in time, led to a reassessment of the European question.2
These developments were also highly visible in the Socialist forces present in the institutions of the European Economic Community (EEC) and in particular in the European Parliament (EP) which, according to Mario Telò “functioned not only as a meeting place between the parties and political traditions of the Left […], but also as the place of the shared initiative of left wing parties towards the democratisation of European institutions.”3 To this end, the Socialist parliamentary group, which had been meeting at the ECSC Common Assembly since 1953, functioned as ← 113 | 114 → an important laboratory – a common framework of reference – for the strengthening of Socialist cooperation in Europe.
If, on the one hand, the...
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