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Censure et autorités publiques

De l’époque moderne à nos jours

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Edited By François Cadilhon, Philippe Chassaigne and Éric Suire

L’histoire récente consacre le passage de la censure étatique directe à des formes intériorisées d’autocensure. Le sujet n’en reste pas moins d’actualité, y compris dans les démocraties occidentales où on assiste à des demandes émanant de groupes religieux pour faire interdire disques, journaux, livres, films jugés blessants ou blasphématoires. Les possibilités d’expression offertes par les nouveaux médias suscitent l’affolement des ligues de vertu et un strict verrouillage dans les pays où la liberté de parole reste interdite. L’optique de l’ouvrage déborde cependant du cadre contemporain. Le choix d’une chronologie longue l’inscrit dans une réflexion générale sur l’évolution des sensibilités au sein de « l’espace moral », en privilégiant la question des frontières changeantes, car historiquement construites, de ce qui a été perçu comme dicible ou indicible. Les 23 contributions réunies abordent les modèles de conception et les modalités d’application de la censure à travers ses objets (publications licencieuses, presse, œuvres d’art, lectures de l’histoire, opinions hétérodoxes), les moyens de son exercice, et ses enjeux politiques.
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The Reading and Writing of History in Communist Poland according to State Censorship

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Jakub BASISTA

Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

In 1944/5 Poland unwillingly found itself in the Soviet camp and under the domination of Soviet Communist ideology. The following years were to show that the new state authorities, backed thoroughly by the Soviet regime and its officials, were not only interested in keeping power, controlling state subjects through a myriad of oppressive methods and propaganda, not allowing people to have their opinions, projects and ideas for the present and the future, but were also concerned (not to say obsessed) with the past.

References to the past, regardless of whether to the glorious national or state history, or personalised family stories, were regarded as taboo in the only accepted ideology if they did not follow the strictly delineated model and interpretation of the days and years past. As such, they could be considered dangerous and subject to control and destruction if they questioned or undermined (in reality or in the imaginations of the Party apparatchiks) the only allowable historical interpretation – a multilayer interpretation consisting of the Polish-Soviet friendship, the ideology of Marxism and Leninism, the concept of class struggle, antireligious obsession and middle class bigotry.

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