Réflexions théoriques et études de cas
Edited By Britta Benert
Aucun ouvrage existant n’est vraiment centré sur ce tournant du siècle, moment où la doxa de pureté de la langue et les esprits nationalistes tendent à promouvoir, voire à imposer l’idéal du monolinguisme et où, parallèlement, persiste à travers l’Europe et le monde un nombre important de situations et d’expérimentations diverses à contre-courant du monolinguisme puriste.
Fruit d’un colloque qui s’est tenu dans le cadre du XX
The Subversive Politics of Multilingualism in the First International Journal of Comparative Literary Studies
Levente T. SZABÓ
Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj, Romania
Different histories of the first international journal of comparative literary studies, the Összehasonlító Irodalomtörténelmi Lapok (Acta Comparationis Litterarum Universarum, or ACLU, from 1879), circulate different round figures when they count the many languages the journal used. The confusion arises not only due to the occasional shifts in the status and the number of official languages on the title sheet, but especially due to the huge number and diversity of the languages that were part of this review founded in Kolozsvár/Klausenburg/Cluj (today, Cluj, in Romania; hereinafter simply Kolozsvár, its 19th century official name) in 1877. It is not easy to determine the exact numbers, since the decade-long history of the review is poorly documented. There are only a few complete collections of ACLU; the “Fontes” series interconnected with the review fell into oblivion2, and the archival materials have been scattered. New archival research, reissuing and reinterpretation of the review from the perspective of a new philological endeavor will probably bring answers to several urgent questions (T. Szabó, 2013b: 177-178). But the state of the art already opens the door to a series of unanswered or even surprisingly missing questions regarding ACLU. At the head of the list is certainly the largely missing empirical and, at the same time, methodological issue of the multilingualism of this pioneering review.
← 229 | 230 → How did this multilingualism work in practice? How was it...
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