Préface d’André Tiran
Edited By Société Internationale Jean-Baptiste Say
Les auteurs de l’ouvrage discutent de la notion et de la fonction de l’entrepreneur dans l’œuvre de Say pour montrer son actualité économique, sociale et politique. Ils présentent aussi le contexte économique et intellectuel à partir duquel a émergé la théorie de l’entrepreneur. Entrepreneur, professeur, journaliste, lui-même, Say… créa l’entrepreneur et a légué à l’analyse (et à la philosophie) économique un « outil » de sortie de crise.
The Absence of the Entrepreneur in the Economic Theories of the English-Speaking World
More Consequential than you Would Believe
RMIT University Melbourne, Australia
Different societies meet these problems in different ways – by custom, instinct, fiat and decree, and in our own system through a price and market system. (Samuelson, 1948, p. 31)
In a market economy, the decisions of a central planner are replaced by the decisions of millions of firms and households. (Mankiw, 1998, p. 9)
You would think it should be impossible to explain the operation of a market economy without mentioning the entrepreneur, yet that is exactly what almost the whole of economic theory now does. Although there are many ways to delimit who an entrepreneur is and what this entity does, here we take the simplest of all approaches, the one originally conceived by J.-B. Say in his Treatise. An entrepreneur is someone who is the final decision maker in the management and direction of a business enterprise who has not reached that position because of decisions made by government. The business can be a sole proprietorship or it can be a vast enterprise with many locations and thousands of employees, but if the person with the overall responsibility for the business’s outcomes has the position not due to a decision made by government, then the person in command of this business should be seen as an entrepreneur.
Some of these entrepreneurs will discover opportunities that others have overlooked. Some will upset the...
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