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The External Relations of the European Union

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Pascaline Winand, Andrea Benvenuti and Max Guderzo

The book analyses the attitudes of non-EU countries towards European integration in historical and contemporary perspectives. The authors study a range of actors in Europe and beyond to explain the impact of the creation of the European Communities on the international system and how the EU is perceived in the world.
The book further shows the significance of the institutional interplay within the EU, and between EU institutions, member states and external actors led by their own internal dynamics to explain policy outcomes. It investigates to what extent the perceptions of the international community towards the European Communities and the EU have been influenced by the complexity of their decision-making and the difficulty of reconciling the views of member states on key external relations issues. The authors also study the interplay of non-EU countries and the EU within the broader context of international and regional institutions and forums for international cooperation.
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Images and Perceptions of the EU in New Zealand in the 1950s

Introduction

Extract



Natalia CHABAN and Sarah CHRISTIE

University of Canterbury, New Zealand

The process of European integration that preceded the establishment of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957 is an important aspect of world history. Yet, there is little research into how New Zealand reacted and responded to the advent of the European integration process during the 1950s. This decade saw New Zealand move from a reliance on Britain as its main economic and political ally to a stronger connection with the USA and Australia (with the formation of the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)), as well as searching for a place within the broader Asia-Pacific region. This realignment came at the same time as Britain was readjusting its political and economic priorities in the face of European integration.1

While a significant body of scholarship exists on this foreign policy shift in New Zealand,2 little attention has been paid to New Zealand’s understanding of the European integration processes during the 1950s. Most research focuses on New Zealand’s reactions from the 1960s onwards.3 This chapter fills this gap by investigating how New Zealand ← 77 | 78 → perceived and responded to the three major events in early European integration history – namely, the Schuman Declaration adopted on 9 May 1950, the Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) on 18 April 1951, and the Treaty of Rome establishing the EEC on 25 March 1957. New Zealand’s responses to these...

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