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The External Relations of the European Union


Pascaline Winand, Andrea Benvenuti and Max Guderzo

The book analyses the attitudes of non-EU countries towards European integration in historical and contemporary perspectives. The authors study a range of actors in Europe and beyond to explain the impact of the creation of the European Communities on the international system and how the EU is perceived in the world.
The book further shows the significance of the institutional interplay within the EU, and between EU institutions, member states and external actors led by their own internal dynamics to explain policy outcomes. It investigates to what extent the perceptions of the international community towards the European Communities and the EU have been influenced by the complexity of their decision-making and the difficulty of reconciling the views of member states on key external relations issues. The authors also study the interplay of non-EU countries and the EU within the broader context of international and regional institutions and forums for international cooperation.
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Contemporary Indian Perspectives on the EU and its Role in South Asia and the World



Rajendra K. JAIN

Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

India was one of the first developing countries and the first Asian country to establish diplomatic relations with the European Economic Community (EEC) and accredit its Diplomatic Mission to the Community in January 1962. Over time, the European Union (EU) has emerged as India’s largest trading partner, biggest source of foreign direct investment, major contributor of developmental aid, and an important source of technology. The EU is also home to a large and influential Indian diaspora, mostly in the United Kingdom.

This chapter is divided into five parts. Parts one and two highlight how India and the European Union perceive each other. Part three examines how India perceives the EU as a global actor and discusses the convergence and divergence on several key issues like global governance and climate change. Part four looks at the growing engagement of the EU in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Afghanistan since the turn of the millennium. It discusses South Asia’s role in the promotion of democracy in the region and goes on to evaluate EU-SAARC relations and whether the EU can be a model for SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation). The concluding part makes some reflections on the current state of India-EU relations after a decade of annual summitry.

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