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The External Relations of the European Union


Edited By Pascaline Winand, Andrea Benvenuti and Max Guderzo

The book analyses the attitudes of non-EU countries towards European integration in historical and contemporary perspectives. The authors study a range of actors in Europe and beyond to explain the impact of the creation of the European Communities on the international system and how the EU is perceived in the world.
The book further shows the significance of the institutional interplay within the EU, and between EU institutions, member states and external actors led by their own internal dynamics to explain policy outcomes. It investigates to what extent the perceptions of the international community towards the European Communities and the EU have been influenced by the complexity of their decision-making and the difficulty of reconciling the views of member states on key external relations issues. The authors also study the interplay of non-EU countries and the EU within the broader context of international and regional institutions and forums for international cooperation.
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An Ever Closer Alliance?: Transforming the EU-NATO Partnership



An Ever Closer Alliance?

Transforming the EU-NATO Partnership


Monash University

Every major regional and multilateral security institution has been forced to reappraise and re-evaluate its approach to terrorism since 9/11. Military alliances, such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), have been compelled to reassess their regional and global security strategies, as asymmetrical threats, rather than conventional conflicts, have emerged as the dominant security concern. September 11 brought a new urgency and dynamism to countering terrorism, exemplified by NATO’s Terrorism Defence Concept (2002) and the NATO Response Force (2002). The invocation of Article V of the North Atlantic Treaty following the 9/11 attacks presaged a new debate on NATO’s role in the 21st century. By 2001, NATO’s downsizing in the wake of the collapse of the Warsaw Pact was already over a decade old. Concomitantly, the 1990s had seen the emergence of new EU initiatives, which appeared ready to replace NATO’s functions in the post-Cold War era: the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP); the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and the “Berlin Plus” agreements (1996), which permitted EU forces to utilize NATO assets under the Combined Joint Task Forces (CJTF) agreements. A raft of analyses prophesised the death of NATO, arguing that the alliance would decline due to “Cold War deprivation syndrome” and become a mere talking shop, akin to the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).1 As recently as 2002, one commentator...

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