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Christian Democrat Internationalism

Its Action in Europe and Worldwide from post World War II until the 1990s- Volume III: The European People’s Party- Continental and Social Cooperation

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Edited By Jean-Dominique Durand

From September 2011 to December 2013 the Luigi Sturzo Institute in Rome along with the Centre of European Studies planned a series of international scientific meetings to study one highly important political subject: the commitment of Christian Democrats on an international level. This project has been organised thanks to the support of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, and the International Labour Organisation.
Internationalism is a Key Element for the Christian Democrat Identity. In fact, CD is a political movement of thought and action whose roots lie in a specific ideology: to use the German word Weltanschauung, it is based on a particular framework of ideas and beliefs that leads the party to interpret the relationship between men and nations from an international point of view, ensuring the human being a central place in every social policy.
The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel, wrote in a Message to these Meetings:
«We can consider ourselves very lucky that 50 years ago forward-thinking personalities founded the World Union of Christian Democrats. From then on, the world, through globalisation, has been deeply changed. Events that take place in other continents immediately impact on our lives. We will be able to protect ourselves from terrorism, achieve economic and social security, and defend our environment only through common global action. This is the task of our generation: to overcome these global challenges. […] Our parties and our political organisations share a common Christian ideal of man. This ideal, grounded on the inalienability of human dignity, is at the core of one important value: to this man has linked a social and economic model that combines economic success and social responsibility.»
Her message clearly shows the need to use historical knowledge, to return to and explore a rich and challenging past as well as to develop a reflection on and a course of action for the present and the future.
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The Women’s Movement of the Christian Democrats from the Origins of the EPP to the Dissolution of the Italian Party (1976-1993)

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Tiziana DI MAIO

LUMSA, Italy

The period between 1976 and 1993 was filled with events that irreversibly marked both the international scene and Italian political life. Soon enough the international scenario was characterised by a “new” Cold War, followed by a “new”, sudden detente and an unexpected epilogue, namely the fall of the Berlin Wall and the German unification; while at the European level, the signing of the Maastricht Treaty sanctioned the birth of the European Union and the start of the process which would lead to the euro. In Italy, this period began with a government crisis (the resignation of the fourth Moro government and the setting up of the fifth Moro government, which would remain in office only until July) and ended with the disappearance of the Democrazia Cristiana – which had been one of the strongest European Christian Democratic parties – in a tangle of difficulties that would also lead to the end of an era and the beginning of a second twenty-year period, the birth of new parties, and the creation of new political styles and lifestyles1. Unfortunately, this period is marked by massacres, left-wing and right-wing terrorism (with the tragic events related to the kidnapping and murder of Aldo Moro in 1978) and mafia massacres targeting the police forces, judges (Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino) and politicians (Salvo Lima), as well as attacks against state assets (such as the contemporary art Pavilion in Milan, the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, the basilica...

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