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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014

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Marco Mascia

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014, the fourth in the series, provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
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Upr: Towards the Second Cycle of the Universal Periodic Review

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How is Italy preparing for its second Universal Periodic Review before the United Nations Human Rights Council (October 2014)? To what degree have the recommendations received during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010) been implemented? These questions persuaded the members of the Yearbook’s research and editorial committee to prepare an analysis, presented in the coming pages and based on the contents of the 2014 Yearbook and the three previous editions (2011, 2012 e 2013), of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy in 2010. This analysis is further backed by the information contained in the reports adopted, over the same period, by international bodies (the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Union and the OSCE) and civil society organisations (particularly Upr.info, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the Comitato per la promozione e protezione dei diritti umani – Italian Committee for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights).

In the course of the first Universal Periodic Review, Italy received 92 recommendations, relative to 19 thematic areas, from 51 different Countries (doc. A/HRC/14/4). The overwhelming majority of these recommendations (83%) belong to 8 thematic areas:

1. the rights of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers (recommendations Nos. 9–10 and 67–82): within this area, the most recurrent recommendations request Italy to rethink its policy of criminalising irregular migrants and the push-back policies implemented in the Mediterranean;

2. racial discrimination (recommendations Nos. 18–33): particular concern is expressed over the increase in the...

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