Edited By Marco Mascia
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
National Bodies with Jurisdiction over Human Rights
International human rights law requires States to set up structures adequately specialised in promoting and protecting fundamental rights. In this regard, a distinction shall be made between, on the one hand, strictly governmental bodies and, on the other, independent structures directly emanating from civil society. The latter in particular, through channels different from those classically used by governmental powers, aim at participating in policy-making, promoting and developing a human rights culture as well as preventing violations.
In this Part the composition, mandate and activities of the following institutions will be illustrated:
Parliamentary bodies: the Special Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the Italian Senate; the Permanent Committee on Human Rights instituted within the Foreign Affairs Commission (III) of the Italian Chamber of Deputies; the Parliamentary Commission for Children and Adolescents; the Parliament-Government Observatory Monitoring the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Rights (data are lacking on the actual functioning of this Observatory in 2013).
Governmental bodies: bodies established within the Prime Minister’s Office: Committee of Ministers for Orientation and Strategic Guidance for the Protection of Human Rights (data are lacking on the actual functioning of this Observatory in 2013); Department for Equal Opportunities; Commission for International Adoptions; National Committee on Bioethics; bodies established within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Inter-Ministerial Committee for Human Rights; National Commission for UNESCO; bodies established within the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies: National Observatory for Children and Adolescents; National Observatory Monitoring the Condition of Persons...
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