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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems


Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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Export Controls of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies in the Democratic Republic of Congo? (John Kabange Mukubu)


John Kabange Mukubu

Customs Controller, Lawyer

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the second largest country in Africa after Algeria. The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the eastern plateau of the continent covering the main part of the Congo River Basin.

The DRC shares nine borders with its neighbours that are Angola, South Sudan, Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia, Congo Brazzaville, Uganda and the Central African Republic. The need for intense customs activities is due to the length of national borders with its neighbours.

There is however, no export control regime applicable to dual-use goods that is strictly applied in the DRC, despite its strategic position and the economic potential of this “giant” located in the heart of Africa.

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