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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems

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Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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The EU Dual-Use Trade Control System for Greece (Christos Charatsis)

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Christos CHARATSIS

PhD Candidate – University of Liege Scientific Officer in Export Controls and Non-Proliferation – Joint Research Centre (European Commission)

Giving a “yes or no” answer on such a question is like answering if the glass is half empty or half full. There are some scholars arguing that there is no common export control system without a single European authorising body. There are others saying that a common system does exist, though with a fragmented implementation. Whichever answer one may give one thing is certain; the EU system stands out as a distinct sui generis regional model. For the purpose of this year’s seminar, three questions will be addressed:

–How “common” is the EU trade control system (by providing a brief evaluation)?

–How is this European model implemented in the Greek context (by focusing mainly on the weaknesses of the system)?

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