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Apologia and Criticism

Historians and the History of Spain, 1500-2000

Series:

Gonzalo Pasamar

This book is the first modern overview of the history of historiography in Spain. It covers sources from Juan de Mariana’s History of Spain, written at the end of the sixteenth century, up to current historical writings and their context.
The main objective of the book is to shed light on the continuities and breaks in the ways that Spanish historians represented ideas of Spain. The concept of historiography used is wide enough to span not only academic works and institutions but also public uses of history, including the history taught in schools. The methodology employed by the author combines the tradition of studies of national identity with those of historiography. One of the key themes in the book is the role of the historical profession in Spain and its influence on national discourse from the nineteenth century onwards.

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Acknowledgements vii Introduction 1 Chapter One The Birth of National History: From Juan de Mariana to Modesto Lafuente 11 Chapter Two The Spanish Road to the Historical Profession: In the Shadow of ‘National Regeneration’ 91 Chapter Three Spanish Exiles Restore the Image of History: The Historical Essay and Propaganda 167 Chapter Four Spanish Historiography since 1950 233 Index 285 Acknowledgements This book has been made possible by many people. I would like to acknowl- edge Professors Asela Rodríguez and Elpidio Laguna, of Rutgers Univer- sity, who unconditionally welcomed me to the Department of Classic and Modern Languages and Literatures, showed great interest in my research, and put all sorts of things at my disposal. The members of the Depart- ment attended my seminar and gave me a level of support that I cannot repay. In my own country, my University of Zaragoza colleague Guillermo Pérez Sarrión was patient enough to read the first chapter – which was discussed in the seminar he runs – and to provide me with bibliographic sources that I would otherwise have missed. Israel Sanmartín, a good friend of mine from the University of Santiago de Compostela and the forum ‘Historia a Debate’, also took the trouble to read and comment on part of the text, as did José Antonio Armillas and Gema Martínez de Espronceda. Other department colleagues at Zaragoza, Roberto Ceamanos and Ángela Cenarro, encouraged me when they learned of this endeavour. Participation in the group of advanced studies ‘Guerra Civil...

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