The Thaw Generation
Appendix 2 Unofficial Groups of Poets in Leningrad 1953–1975 329
Appendix 2 Unofficial Groups of Poets in Leningrad 1953–1975 Group Dates (approximate) Members ‘Boltaika’ Early 1950s Roal'd Mandel'shtam, Vasily Betaki (?) (writers), and Aleksandr Aref 'ev, Vadim Prelovsky, Rodion Gudzenko (graphic artists) Friends at university often referred to as the ‘Philological School’ 1954–1960s Lev Lifshits (later Loseff ), Sergey Kulle, Leonid Vinogradov, Mikhail Eremin, Vladimir Uflyand, Aleksandr Kondratov, Mikhail Krasil'nikov, Yury Mikhailov, Aleksey Tsvetkov (artist) Aleksey Khvostenko’s group 1956–? Aleksandr Al'tshuller, Leonid Entin, Leonid Aronzon, Shveigol'ts, Igor' Mel'ts, Yury Sorokin Leonid Aronzon and his group Began in 1950s Aleksandr Al'tshuller, Yury Galetsky, Boris Ponizovsky, Aleksandr Mironov Protégés of Lidiya Ginzburg 1959–1964? Aleksandr Kushner, Gleb Gorbovsky, Maya Danini, Sergey Vol'f, Andrey Bitov, Reid Grachev Akhmatova’s ‘Magic Choir’, later known as ‘Akhmatova’s Orphans’ 1960–4 Evgeny Rein, Dmitry Bobyshev, Anatoly Naiman, Iosif Brodsky Anri Volokhonsky and his group Unknown, during 1960s Anri Volokhonsky, Aleksey Khvostenko, Ivan Steblin-Kamensky, Lev Vasil'ev ‘Malaya Sadovaya Poets’, or ‘Library Poets’ 1965–? Tamara Bukovskaya (Kozlova), Andrey Gaivoronsky, Vladimir Erl', Aleksandr Mironov, Evgeny Venzel', Nikolay Nikolaev, Roman Belousov, Evgeny Zvyagin, Dmitry Makrinov, Oleg Niverozhkin, Boris Arakcheev, Petr Brandt 330 Appendix 2 ‘Khelenukts’ 1965–1970/1 Vladimir Erl', VNE (Viktor Nemitinov), Dm. M. (Dmitry Makrinov), Aleksandr Prokof 'ev, Aleksandr Mironov, NF (Natal'ya Fedyuchek), Sergey Dorofeev, Aleksey Khvostenko (KHVOST) ‘Shkola konkretnoi poezii’ 1967–70 Tamara Bukovskaya, V. Krivosheev, Viktor Krivulin, Viktor Shirali Salon at Kuz'minsky’s flat Late 1960s and 1970s Yury Alekseev, Viktor Krivulin, Boris Kupriyanov, Aleksandr Ozhiganov, Oleg Okhapkin, Petr Cheigin, Viktor Shirali.
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