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Before the Wars

Churchill as Reformer (1910 – 1911)- With a Foreword by Sir Martin Gilbert


Alan Baxendale

Winston Churchill will be forever known as the great statesman who bravely led Britain through the war years, but what led the young Churchill down this path to greatness? What motivated him to become the future leader?
Delving into documentary records in the Home Office archive, Alan S. Baxendale brings to light the young Churchill’s war at home while Home Secretary from February 1910 to October 1911. Passionate about reforming prison treatment and sentencing, Churchill engaged with his senior Home Office staff and His Majesty’s Prison Commissioners in a daily discussion of the business of criminal justice. With a focus on his working methods and relationships with his staff, Baxendale offers a new look at Churchill as a young and talented politician whose leadership led to innovative reforms that are still influential today.
This book makes an important contribution to the ongoing debate about the criminal justice system, providing a crucial addition to our understanding of the history of prison reform. It also gives us valuable insight into Churchill as a person, shedding light on his formative years as a minister and providing us with important clues to how he became one of the most successful politicians of modern times.


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Bibliography 213


Bibliography 1. Archives (a) Government Departments Home Office PRO HO 45 PRO HO 144 PRO P Com. (Sometimes Pri. Com.) 7 Treasury PRO T1 Colonial Office PRO CO 247 Cabinet Office PRO CAB 37/108/178 (The feeble-minded). See also British Library Papers BP2/4 (15) which went before the Cabinet but are not indexed under a CAB reference. They concern the abatement of imprisonment. (b) Private Papers Asquith, H. H., Du Cane, E. and Harcourt, W. V. all at Bodleian Library, Oxford; Ruggles-Brise, E. at Essex County Record Office and held privately by Sir John Ruggles-Brise; Gladstone, H. at the British Library; Churchill, W. L. S. at Churchill College, Cambridge; Waller, M. L. held privately by Richard Waller; Bridgeman, W., at Shropshire Courts Record Office; and Prison Commissioners’ minute books at the Public Record Office, Kew 214 Bibliography 2. Statutes Convict Prison Act 1850, 13 and 14 Vict. C. 39. Directorate of Convict Prisons established. Penal Servitude Act 1853, 16 and 17 Vict. C. 99 Penal Servitude Act 1857, 20 and 21 Vict. C. 3. Amendment to the 1853 Act. The Prison Act 1865, 28 and 29 Vict. C. 126. Consolidation and amendment of the law relating to local prisons. The Prison Act 1877, 40 and 41 Vict. C. 20. Amendment to the 1865 Act. (Creation of the Prison Commission.) Probation of Offenders Act 1887, 50 and 51 Vict. C. 25. Prison Act 1898, 61 and 62 Vict. C. 41. (Amendments to the Prison Acts of 1850 and 1877; amalgamation of the...

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