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Before the Wars

Churchill as Reformer (1910 – 1911)- With a Foreword by Sir Martin Gilbert

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Alan Baxendale

Winston Churchill will be forever known as the great statesman who bravely led Britain through the war years, but what led the young Churchill down this path to greatness? What motivated him to become the future leader?
Delving into documentary records in the Home Office archive, Alan S. Baxendale brings to light the young Churchill’s war at home while Home Secretary from February 1910 to October 1911. Passionate about reforming prison treatment and sentencing, Churchill engaged with his senior Home Office staff and His Majesty’s Prison Commissioners in a daily discussion of the business of criminal justice. With a focus on his working methods and relationships with his staff, Baxendale offers a new look at Churchill as a young and talented politician whose leadership led to innovative reforms that are still influential today.
This book makes an important contribution to the ongoing debate about the criminal justice system, providing a crucial addition to our understanding of the history of prison reform. It also gives us valuable insight into Churchill as a person, shedding light on his formative years as a minister and providing us with important clues to how he became one of the most successful politicians of modern times.

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Index 223

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Index Administration of Justice Bill (became Act 1914) 147, 153, 168, 170 Asquith, Herbert 18, 19–20, 25, 28, 141 and WSC 1, 9, 25, 40, 141, 162, 166, 173, 174 and Herbert Gladstone 28 and Home Office 27, 30, 39 and Ruggles-Brise 18 Aylesbury Prison 20, 69, 126 Balfour, A. J. 30 Beck, Adolph 33–4 beggars, tramps and vagrants and imprisonment 19, 146, 159 Birrell, Mrs Olive 93 Blackwell, Ernley (Assistant Under- Secretary of State) 15, 16, 33–5, 36 and WSC’s reform of sentencing 118, 132, 145 on Troup 36 Blackwell Committee 146, 147–53, 170 Blackwell, James Hay 33 Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen 6 and WSC 4–5, 31, 42, 46–7 Bonham Carter, Lady Violet 2 borstal system 20, 73, 85, 97, 102, 107, 133, 140, 150, 151 establishment of borstals 6, 22, 101, 107, 111 WSC on 8, 31, 32, 86, 102–3, 104–5, 108, 109, 131 Galsworthy 54 libraries in 93, 98 official views of system 104 Ruggles-Brise on 73, 78, 79, 106, 133 selection for 105–6, 107 and sentencing policy 102, 107–8 training at 86, 88, 89, 93, 98, 102, 106, 169 Troup and 104–5, 108, 144 see also preventive detention Borstal 20, 94, 97, 102, 107, 140 Borstal Association 77, 78, 82, 83, 172 Bridewells 146 Brise, Sir Evelyn Ruggles see under Ruggles-Brise, Sir Evelyn Bryant, Violet 91 Butler, Sir Harold 38–9 Butt, Clara 85 Byrne, William (Assistant Under- Secretary of State) 15 Camp Hill (prison), Isle...

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