Myths and Realities
This book makes a significant contribution to the study of the historical circumstances around the exploration and colonisation of Patagonia, as well as the subsequent cultural, political and economic outcomes.
Fernanda Peñaloza - The Missionary as a Translator: Thomas Bridges and his Yamana–English Dictionary 95
Fernanda Peñaloza The Missionary as a Translator: Thomas Bridges and his Yamana–English Dictionary André Lefevere defined translation as “one of the most obvious forms of image making, of manipulation, that we have” (“Translation” 26). In its more elementary linguistic sense, the act of translation is the creation of an equivalent from an original text written in a different language. How- ever, in the last few decades the emphasis has shifted from the practical work that translation entails to more critical endeavours. In other words, the cultural transfer has gained prominence over the linguistic transfer. Lefevere’s definition speaks of a major transformation in translation studies, a phenomenon which Lefevere himself and Susan Bassnett have called “the cultural turn” (Translation, History and Culture 11). For a long time trans- lators have been aware that translation is a communicative practice created and controlled by its own circumstances, which, of course, are different from those of the original text production. However, the development of relatively recent research and scholarship in translation studies has made the theoretical and political questioning of the translating practice itself not only possible but also vital. Here we have the materialisation of a new perspective on translation that specifically deals with the ideological and rhetorical dimensions of discourse formation. As Bassnett puts it: “Transla- tion, of course, is a primary method of imposing meaning while concealing the power relations that lie behind the production of that making” (Con- structing Cultures 136). Such awareness of the interweaving of discourse,...
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