The Reception of Holocaust Films and TV Programmes in Italy, 1945 to the Present
Chapter Three - ‘You Are One of Us’: The Early 1960s 49
CHAPTER THREE ‘You Are One of Us’: The Early 1960s Holocaust debates between the end of the 1950s and the first half of the 1960s were closely linked to discussions of Fascism, antifascism, and the Resistance. These, in turn, were influenced by developments in the Cold War and by domestic issues. In stressing the importance of the Resistance- Holocaust link, I argue that, unlike Holocaust memory in Israel, West Germany, and the United States, the Eichmann trial did not represent a landmark event of the same magnitude in Italy.1 The Resistance in the 1950s At the height of the Cold War, celebrating the Resistance or debating fascist crimes were low on the priorities of Italian governments, whose attention focused rather on anticommunism. As Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi explained in 1952 to the American Ambassador in Italy Ellsworth Bunker, ‘no doubt [fascists] would fight on our side in case of war, while the same is not true about communists.’2 As in West Germany, the Cold War required less ‘memory and justice […] and more “integration” of those who had 1 On Israel, see Segev 2000: 11; Loshitzky 2002: 16; Zertal 2005: 67; Shapira 2004: 20. For West Germany, see Herf 2004b: 41; Schlant 1999: 19, 53. The impact of the trial in the US has been discussed by Shandler 1999: xviii, 81; Novick 1999: 133. Comparative discussions of the trial’s impact in Israel, Europe and America are in Cole 2000: 47–72 and especially 62 and 68; Levy and Sznaider 2006:...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.