The Semantic Development of Five French Suffixes in Middle English
CHAPTER 9 Five Suf fixes in Ten Plays by Shakespeare 205
Chapter 9 Five Suf fixes in Ten Plays by Shakespeare 9.1. Data for comparison I should now like to consider these suf fixes as they appear around 1600, that is about a century after the end of the ME period. I suggested in the Introduction that it might be of interest to compare the first attributions used hitherto with results from a dif ferent sampling technique. I have therefore simply looked at words in all five suf fixes as they are used in ten plays by Shakespeare. Many of these are the same words as those appear- ing in my ME sample, the use of which can be compared with newer lexis which appears in the sixteenth century or is coined by Shakespeare himself. The sample has, I hope, the additional advantage of providing a compari- son between the previous cross-textual overview of usage and the highly conscious use of the same and similar lexis by a creative writer. Even in the wide field of Shakespearean language studies there appears to be little detailed comparison of latinate suf fixes as used in the plays. Brook lists some of the suf fixes without analysis, omitting -ation and -age (1976: 132–7). Hussey (1982) and Blake (1983), though they do not com- pare suf fixes, are enlightening on the use of latinate words to fill rhetorical patterns, and Salmon (1987) and Nevalainen (2001) have both discussed isolated uses of forms in -ment (see 18.104.22.168. and 9.7.2. below). Garner (1987a) has provided an...
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