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The Eye of the Eagle

John Donne and the Legacy of Ignatius Loyola

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Francesca Knox Bugliani

John Donne’s family were committed Catholics. His two uncles were Jesuits. One of them, Jasper Heywood, was the leader of the Jesuit mission in England, while Donne’s mother was a recusant who was forced to leave the country in 1595. In this detailed and historically contextualized study, the author argues that Donne was greatly influenced in his journey from militant Roman Catholicism to ordination in the Church of England by Ignatius of Loyola’s religious ideals and in particular by his Spiritual Exercises.
The book describes the pervasive influence of the Spiritual Exercises on late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century Catholicism and Protestantism. In this light, it offers a close reading of Donne’s preordination religious poems and prose with constant reference to the sermons. These works are usually read through the tinted lenses of ‘Catholicism’ or ‘Protestantism’ or other religious ‘-isms’. The reading proposed here argues instead that Ignatius’s Spiritual Exercises were for Donne a means to transcend the simplistic and perilous divisions of contemporary Catholicism and Protestantism.

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Citations -xiii

Extract

Citations All citations of Donne’s poetry come from The Complete English Poems, ed. A.J. Smith. All citations from the Spiritual Exercises come from M. Ivens, Understanding the Spiritual Exercises. Citations from the Bible, when not otherwise stated, are from the King James Version. Citations from classical texts are from standard editions, e.g. Teubner and Oxford Classical Texts. I have transcribed English sixteenth- and seventeenth-century prose texts without making any changes other than removing accents and expand- ing abbreviations. I have retained the original capitalization and italiciza- tion in quotations. All translations are mine, unless stated otherwise.

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