A Transtextual Analysis of the Tabernacle Theme in the Letter to the Hebrews
Appendix I - Use of Select OT Themes in Barnabas -103
Appendix i Use of Select OT Themes in Barnabas Hebrews and Barnabas represent Christianity’s complicated relation with Judaism, around the turn of the second century. The contexts and places where these texts were penned are dif ferent, and so also their purposes; how- ever, both authors use the same Jewish symbols and institutions to confront and educate their communities. Scholarly opinions on Barnabas’ place of origin are primarily divided between Alexandria and the Syro-Palestinian provenance. The dates regarding these texts range between 60–100 AD. In S.G. Wilson’s opinion, “A plausible setting for both works can be sur- mised: late-first-century Christian communities which includes a Gentile Judaizing element and a revival of Jewish hopes for a rebuilt Temple. This is more directly evident in Barnabas, but may be proposed as an explana- tion of the curious combination of disparate features in Hebrews” (1995, 142). Barnabas dif fers from Hebrews particularly in terms of its dealing with the following themes: Scripture and Salvation Barnabas makes no distinction between old and new revelation; instead the author sees prophecy as in the past, and also in the present, being fulfilled. This is an important point of dif ference between Hebrews and Barnabas. The latter clearly believed that Israel was never really privileged with scripture or the covenant – for the author they were always intended for Christians (4:6–8). This is interpreted as a “foretaste” of things to come, which for him is reason enough for a greater commitment towards God. 104 Appendix...
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