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National Varieties of German outside Germany

A European Perspective

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Edited By Gabrielle Hogan-Brun

In what way do the national varieties of German outside Germany differ? How do they manifest themselves in different levels of language use? What attitudes exist towards the use of these varieties and how are they reflected in national and European-wide language policies? What is the role of the media?
This collection of especially commissioned articles, written in English by internationally renowned experts, explores these and related questions. It draws together research on the status and role of German and on attitudes towards its use in Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy (South Tyrol), France (Alsace), Denmark (Nordschleswig) and Hungary.

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The Landscapes of German across Europe: An Ecolinguistic Perspective 13

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Gabrielle Hogan-Brun The Landscapes of German across Europe: An Ecolinguistic Perspective Dans !'Europe unifiee, il faudra [ ... ] eviter l'uniformite au profit de Ia diversite dans !'unite (Fernande Krier 1995: 236). (In a unified Europe, uniformity must be avoided ( ... ] in order to profit from the diversity in unity.) The dynamics released by the political and economic unification of Europe have resulted in a state of tension between harmonisation and regionalisation. Whilst uniformity would deeply affect the nature of Europe from a linguistic and cultural point of view, unity, in order to succeed, will need to be driven by a broad-based support of existing socio-cultural diversities. Sketching a map of a linguistic ecology for German within Europe, this review chapter highlights the need for linguistic ecosystems to be recognised and kept in balance. In the course of European harmonisation, their maintenance will require that the major existing language communities will have to respect the right of linguistic varieties and of ethnic minority languages to their own dynamic space. 1 Language in an Ecological Landscape The linguistic landscape in a unified Europe is likely to undergo a number of changes, which will be intensified under the continuing spread of globalisation. Whilst uniformity may offer advantages on an economic level, the natural workings of a free linguistic and cultural 14 Gabrielle Hogan-Brun market tend to be floating. 1 Worldwide, as languages have become destabilized for economic reasons, cultural eco-systems have been af- fected or even lost. This has aroused an interest in the study of...

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