Modernity, Myth and Memory
Chapter 2 - The Generation after 1918: Encounters with Modernity in Post-war Turin 57
Chapter 2 The Generation after 1918: Encounters with Modernity in Post-war Turin The avant-garde periodicals examined in the following pages have often been considered together, despite the evident political dif ferences between the two groups of intellectuals who published them. Links of friendship and intellectual collaboration existed between Gobetti and the Energie Nove and Rivoluzione Liberale writers on the one hand, and the Com- munist Ordine Nuovo group on the other. First introduced to each other by the Turin born socialist Andrea Viglongo, who had known Gobetti as a child and later became involved in the Ordine Nuovo editorial project, there followed many instances of intellectual exchange between the two groups.1 Both groups exchanged articles for each other’s journals with Gobetti famously working as a drama critic for the daily newspaper Ordine Nuovo in 1919 to 1920, and the friendship between Gramsci and Gobetti in particular was to shape the political outlook of the young liberal. While there have been some politically motivated attempts to write both of these figures into a romanticised history of the Turin workers’ movements, and to paint Gobetti as a kind of honorary communist in order to emphasise the similarities between the two ‘political martyrs’, this chapter will instead explore the similarities that emerge when both movements are considered in relation to the ways in which they experienced, reacted to and attempted to shape the social and physical environment in which they lived, as inher- ited attitudes and assumptions were brought into contact with the...
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