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Piero Gobetti’s Turin

Modernity, Myth and Memory


Niamh Cullen

In his brief public career, Piero Gobetti was one of the most outspoken and original voices of early Italian antifascism. Before his sudden death in 1926, he founded and edited three periodicals, including the fiercely antifascist La Rivoluzione Liberale and the literary journal Il Baretti. While much has been written about his antifascism and his theories of ‘liberal revolution’, this book considers him primarily as an ‘organiser of culture’ and situates him both in the context of his lived experience in Turin after the First World War and in a wider European panorama. Although politically marginal by 1918, Turin was one of Italy’s most modern cities, with its futuristic Fiat factories, vocal working class and militant socialist intellectuals such as Antonio Gramsci. The book explores Gobetti’s encounters with Turin – both its history and the modern, urban landscape of Gobetti’s own day – as central to his thinking. Historically and geographically, Turin was also the Italian city closest to France and northern Europe. If Gobetti’s immediate surroundings inspired much of his thinking, his sensibilities were – in true Piedmontese style – more European than Italian, and his ultimate impact far from only local. Finally, Gobetti’s bitter disillusionment with liberal and fascist Italy, as well as his refusal to fit any of the conventional political labels, means that his memory has remained contentious right up to the present day. This groundbreaking new study explores the roots of Gobetti’s thinking, his impact on Italian culture and his controversial legacy.


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Bibliography 307


Bibliography Unpublished Primary Sources Archives of Centro Studi Piero Gobetti, Fondo Gobetti. Files consulted: Serie 1, Documenti personali di Piero Gobetti (1905–1926); Serie 2, Scritti di Piero Gobetti (1918 – [1925]); Serie 3, Corrispondenza (1918–1926); Serie 4, L’attività pubblicistica: le riviste e le case editrici (1918–1928); Serie 5, Commenti della stama sull’attività di Gobetti (1919–1926). Archivio Centrale dello Stato, Rome. Files consulted: Gabinetto Finzi, Busta 1: fasc. 2, sottofasc. 20, 21, 31 and 34; fasc. 10, sottofasc. 7. Busta 9, sottofasc. 9. Busta 13, sottofasc. 8. Archivio di Stato di Torino. Files consulted: Stampa Censurata and Uf fici di censura (N. 1, Prefettura di Torino). Archives of Fondazione Gramsci, Rome. Files consulted: Serie miscellanea 1891–1937; Serie epistolario 1908–1937. Published Primary Sources Published Correspondence of Piero Gobetti Alessandrone, Ersilia, ed., ‘Lettere di Piero Gobetti a Umberto Morra’, Mezzosecolo, 2 (1977). ––— ‘Il poeta e il suo bibliopola. La corrispondenza fra Eugenio Montale e Piero Gobetti’, Mezzosecolo, 11 (1997). Bergami, Giancarlo, ‘Lettere inedite di Piero Gobetti’, Studi Piemontesi, 2 (1980). Comitato, Riccardo Bauer, ed., Quaderno del Comitato Riccardo Bauer per lo studio e le iniziative in suo onore, Fondazione Arnaldo e Alberto Mondadori (Milan, 1988). 308 Bibliography Gariglio, Bartolo, ed., Con animo di liberale, Piero Gobetti e i popolari, Carteggi 1918– 1926 (Milan, 1997). Gobetti, Piero and Ada, Nella tua breve esistenza. Lettere 1918–1926, ed. Ersilia Ales- sandrone Perona (Turin, 1991). Marcenaro, Giuseppe, ed., ‘Lettere di Piero Gobetti a Giovanni Ansaldo (1919–1926)’, Mezzosecolo, 3 (1980)...

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