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Poor Relief in Ireland, 1851-1914

Mel Cousins

This book examines the provision of poor relief in Ireland from the immediate aftermath of the Famine in the mid-nineteenth century to the onset of the Great War in 1914, by which time the Poor Law had been replaced by a range of other policy measures such as the old-age pension and national insurance. The study establishes an empirical basis for studying poor relief in this period, analysing over time the provision of indoor and outdoor relief and expenditure levels, and charts regional variations in the provision of poor relief. The author goes on to examine a number of issues that highlight political and social class struggles in relation to the provision of poor relief and also considers in fascinating detail the broader role of the Poor Law and the Boards of Guardians within local communities.

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Index 303

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Abercorn, Duke of 108–9 agricultural labourers 10, 25, 54, 232, 266 and labourers’ cottages 118, 135, 154–7, 159, 273 and outdoor relief 53, 135, 142–5, 151, 153–4, 159, 265, 273 social class 15–16, 267, 274 wages 13, 28–9, 249 amalgamation of unions 104, 193–4 Ancient Order of Hibernians 258, 259 Ardee union 180–1 Athy union 118, 132, 133, 174, 197 and plan of campaign 166–74, 182, 183 Atkinson, John 198–9 Bagwell, Richard 183, 231 Balfour, Arthur 114, 117, 133, 172, 189, 249, 269, 270 Balfour, Gerald 188, 189, 190, 193, 248, 269 Ballinrobe union 74–7, 78 ballot, for poor law election 90–1, 111–12, 119, 229–30 Banbridge union 77–8 Banks, Benjamin 120, 224, 228 Belfast union 39, 48–52, 57–9, 60 guardians of 57, 213–17 impact of old age pensions 254–7 Biggar, Joseph 115 Blackburne, Francis 88 Blunt, W. Scawen 178, 181 Birrell, Augustine 196, 245, 247 boarding out of children 67, 76, 86, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 136, 187–8, 192, 238–9, 256 boards of guardians composition of 204–17 elections 120–5, 224–32 and labourers’ cottages 131–3, 154–7 local government reform (1898) 190–2 nationalisation of 125–30 and outdoor relief 131–2, 135–54 and patronage 133, 174, 197–8 and plan of campaign 161–84 and politics 130–1, 218–21 politicisation and 203–36 Bolster, William 220–1 Brinkley, Captain 219 Burke, T.H....

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